CRIMES WITHOUT PUNISHMENT

Zbrodnie bez kary


Author: Łukasz Kuźmicz
Publisher: AP-W „Sandra” in Rzeszów

Publishing Year: 2006
Pages: 349
Softcover

Price: 40 pln + shipping charges



UPA'S attacks on Citizen's Militia stations and WOP watchtowers

The biggest intensification of Ukrainian Insurgent Army's attacks on Citizen's Militia stations (Polish MO – Milicja Obywatelska) took place in 1945. It was mainly caused by the fact that military forces were busy with military operations and after military garrisons' creation in Rzeszowskie Voivodeship they were securing repatriated people. Citizen's Militia stations were formed with the local youth who without training had no chance in battle against well-equipped Ukrainian Insurgent Army's sotnias and its cadre derived from SS-Division Galizien's Police and divisions trained to partisan fight. Ukrainian Insurgent Army's leaders perfectly knew about these weaknesses and did not want to let any seed of state authority be planted in the areas they controlled.


A group of Przemyśl Brigade of WOP (WOP was a Polish Army's section securing borderlands) officers after a meeting with inhabitants of Młyny village, Jarosław County.

In 1964 in the South-eastern part of Rzeszowskie Voivodeship's border Ukrainian Insurgent Army launched 12 assaults on Citizen's Militia stations during which most of them were burnt and their crew annihilated or burnt alive (Bruśno, Lubaczów County and Cisna, Lesko County). During these 12 assaults, 63 militiamen were killed. In 1946 14 militiamen and officers of ORMO (Ochotnicza Rezerwa Milicji Obywatelskiej — Voluntary Reserve of Citizen's Militia) died during another three assaults.


Sanok. Monument to officers and soldiers killed in 1945-1946 during battles against Ukrainian Insurgent Army.


Lesko, 1946 r. Monument put up by Lesko's inhabitants to militiamen killed in battles against Ukrainian Insurgent Army's bands.

The attacks on WOP's watchtowers took place mainly in 1946 and at the beginning of 1947. However, they occurred mostly in March 1946. Please notice that it was still winter, there were no roads and watchtowers were poorly armed and easy to defeat. What is more, these were not typical WOP units – trained appropriately and accustomed to conditions – but front-line soldiers derived from 8th and 9th Infantry Division. Therefore, during UPA's sotnias assaults on the watchtower in Jasiel, Sanocki County on March 20, 1946, 66 soldiers were killed and the watchtower was burnt. On March 26, 1946 reinforcements of 60 WOP soldiers and 5 militiamen set off from Komańcza, but they were surrounded and defeated in the area of Wisłok Wielki. Dead and wounded soldiers were thrown into a pit and buried. Their bodies were discovered in June 1946 and then exhumed to a cemetery in Zagórze, Sanok County.


Młyny, 1947. Militiamen from the station in Młyny with settlers from Hruszowice village – after “Wisła” Operation with village administrator and village-mayor. Lying on the left: Boczkowski, on the right Comm. Cont. Poliszak.


Młyny, 1947. Citizen's Militia's station crew in Młyny, Jarosław County. On the right – Commander Poliszak.

The author of ZBRODNIE BEZ KARY described in details all the assaults on Citizen's Militia stations and WOP watchtowers of former Rzeszowskie Voivodeship and listed the names of killed militiamen and soldiers born in Eastern Frontiers and central voivodeships of Poland.